CBSE : Class X : Civics : Chapter 4 : Gender, Religion and caste : Question and Answers

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  • Published date: September 9, 2018
  • Modified date: September 9, 2018
    • Vasai East, Thane, Maharashtra

 Q1: How can you bring an end to castism in India ?


 Ans : We can bring end to castism in India by following ways:


 a) Spread the education : Education upgrades our thinking level and helps in eradicating the misconceptions of one’s mind. All positive method should be followed to educate masses.


 b) Economic equality : Inequality in economic life create the feeling of superiority and brings in inferiority complex among members of different caste.


 c) Abolition of reservations : Reservation in government jobs and education and other sectors create conflicting attitude among the members of different caste groups. When the people of higher caste having adequate knowledge and qualification are deprived of getting good job and other facilities, they revolt against the lower caste people.


 Q2: How can religion be used in politics in a positive manner ?


 Ans :


 a) Politics must be guided by the moral values drawn from various religions.


 b) Politics must be guided by ethics drawn from religion.


 c) Those who holds political power should sometime be able to regulate the practice relegion so as to prevent discrimination and oppressions.


 d) As long as they treat every religion equally; religion can be used in politics.


 e) Women’s movement has argued that Family laws of all religions discriminate against women.


 Q3: Explain any five aspects of our day to day life in which women are discriminated ?


 Ans : The five aspects of our day to day life in which women are discriminated are:


 a) Although women constitute half of the humanity, their role in public life, especially in politics is minimal in most societies.


 b) The literacy rate among women is only 54% compared with 76% among men. Only a small portion of girls go for higher education.


 c) The proportion of women with highly paid and valued job is very less as compared to men.


 d) In almost all areas of work, from sports cinema, women are paid less then men, even though both do exactly same jobs.


 e) In many parts of India, parents preferred to have sons and find ways to abort girl child because of dowry and insecurities for women in societies.


 Q4: What forms does communalism takes in politics ?


 Ans : Communalism can take various forms in politics :


 a) The most common expression of communalism is in every day beliefs. This involves religious communities and belief in the superiority of one’s religion over other religion.


 b) A communal mind often leads to a quest for political dominance of one’s own religious community. Foe those belonging to the minority community, it can take the form of desire to form a separate political unit.


 c) Political mobilisation on religious lines is another frequent form of communalism. This involves the use of sacred symbols, religious leaders, emotional appeal and plain fear in order to bring the followers of one religion together in the political area.


 d) Sometimes communalism takes its most ugly form of communal violence, riots and massacre.


 Q5: Explain three features of the model of secular state of India ?


 Ans : There is no official religion for the Indian state. Unlike the status of Buddhism in Srilanka, that of Islam in Pakistan and that of Christianity in England, our constitution doesn’t give special status to any religion.


 a) The constitution provides to all individuals and communities freedom to profess, practice and propagate any religion or not to follow any.


 b) The constitution prohibit discrimination based on religion.


 c) At the same time, the constitution allows the state to intervene in the matters of religion in order to ensure equality within religious communities.


 Q6: Why are caste barriers breaking down in India ?


 Ans : The caste barriers are breaking down partly due to the efforts of political leaders and partly due to the socio-economics changes.


 a) With economic development, large scale urbanisation, growth of literacy and education, occupational mobility and the weakening of the position of landlords in villages, the old notion of caste hierarchy is breaking down.


 b) The constitution of India prohibits any caste based discrimination and laid the foundation of policies to reverse the injustice of the caste system.


 Q7: Explain how proper representation of women in legislature can solve the problems of gender based discrimination ?


 Ans : In India, the proportion of women in legislature has been very low. One way to solve this problem is to make it legally binding to have a fair proportion of women in the l\elected bodies. One-third of seats are reserved in local governments bodies for women.


 


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