CBSE : Class X : English : Novel : The Diary of Young Girl : Question and Answer

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  • Published date: September 27, 2018
  • Modified date: September 27, 2018
    • Vasai East, Thane, Maharashtra

 Q1: Why did Anne decides to write a diary ? What role did this diary play in her life ?


Ans: Anne received a number of gifts from her parents and friends on her thirteenth birthday. The most extra-ordinary gift that she received was this diary. She named it kitty and considered it as her best friend. This diary became a part of her life and witnessed all her apprehensions, insecurities, hardship and sufferings that she and her family had to endure in the secret annexe. Anne felt that people never take interest in the unblossomings of a 13 year old girl and so she could rely on none other than her diary to share her secrets. Anne commented that “paper is more patient than man”. She found her diary to be her intimate friend whom she could trust completely and understood that it was only this diary that would listen to her patiently without any comments and complaints made her first diary entry on 14th June 1942 and since than she had never forgotten to share with it her deepest thoughts and ideas.


In the course of her diary entries, it is found to have mature from a school girl to a person with deeper thoughts and values. She started her diary entries with some apprehensions described her friendship and crushes she had on boys. In the later part of her diary entries, Anne matured considerably growing from girlish views on life to details accounts and deeper thoughts about humanity. She found it difficult to understand why the Jews were singled out and killed. During the 2 years recorded in her diary entries which dealt with confinement and deprivation. She took up the complicated issues of growing up in complicated circumstances.


 Q2: What were the anti-Jewish decrees made by the Germans under Hitler rule ?


Ans : In her diary dated 20th June 1942, Anne Frank gave a detailed account of the anti-Jewish decrees which were issued under Hitler’s rule, and lead to the sufferings of Jewish people. The Jews were ordered to wear a yellow 6 painted star to distinguish them from Germans. They were asked to handover their bicycles and the banned to travel in trains or to drive cars. The Jews were only allowed to go out for shopping between 3 to 5’o clock, in shops which had the placards ‘ Only Jewish Shops’. The Jews must be indoors by 8 o’clock and could not even sit in their own garden after that hour. Theatres, cinemas and places of entertainment along with modes of recreation and public sports, tennis courts, hockey fields were all prohibited to them. The Jews were not allowed to visit Christian families and he only entitled to study in Jewish schools. Anne wrote that there were other restriction of same kind.


 Q3: Give a character sketch of Anne Frank.


Ans : Anne Frank is the main character of the novel ‘The diary of a young girl’. Her diary entries give us an insight into character and her personality. In her diary, Anne finds for herself a good friend with whom she could share her deepest thoughts and her secrets. Anne’s writing’s show that she could be playful and comical all the time and can also be serious at the same time. In certain situations, Anne is found to be optimistic, and contended with whatever she had. She could foresee the dire an unusual circumstances of the annex. She became more introspective and thoughtful.


Anne had a troubled relationship with her mother and didn’t find any solace in her mother as she thought her to be incapable of providing love and affection. Anne felt that her mother had failed both as a wife and as a mother.


As she grew in seclusion, she felt the need for close friends and intimacy with a male counterpart. In the process she became infatuated with Peter Van Daan. Anne’s diary proved that she had the potential of becoming a challenging, sophisticated writer.


 Q4: Give a character sketch of Harry Goldberg.


Ans: Harry Goldberg was a 16 year old boy whom Anne had met one evening at her friend Eva’s house. He lived in Holland with his grandparents while his parents were in Belgium. Harry was a very straight forward boy. He told Anne all kinds of amusing stories and in a week times came quite close to her. His simplicity won the hearts of not only Anne but, also her family members. Harry informed Anne that his grandmother did not approve of Anne as she was very young and she wanted him to go out with another older girl Fanne. But, Annes vibrant nature and light hearted spirit caught Harry’s attention and he no longer found Fanne interesting.


Harry also knew how to please his old grand parents. In order to please his grand parents officially, he pretend to go for wood carving lesson but in reality, he joined the Zionist movement. His young heart revolted against the atrocities of Germans and he became regular visitor at these meetings. But, Harry was not a fanatic and off late seen that the meetings had become such a mess that he decided to quit attending them. An enthusiastic, open-minded and a pleasant teenage boy, Harry knew how to maintain relation in life but, at the same time would follow his dream and make his life worth living.


 Q5: Give character sketch of Edith Frank.


Ans : Anne had very little sympathy for her mother during the year of Annex. She had very few kind words to say about her particularity in her earlier diary entries. Anne felt that that her mother was cold critical and uncaring and that they had very little in common. Anne was annoyed with her mother because she did not know how to show her love and affection for her children. Like Margot, Mrs Frank was mentioned exclusively in instances when she was the source of Annes’s anger and frustration. Anne’s rarely commented on her mother’s positive traits. Later on in her diary entries, Anne attempted to look at her mother’s life as a wife and as a mother from a more objective view point. As Anne got older, she gave a clearer prospective and began to regret her quick petty judgement of her mother. Anne then had more sympathetic feeling for Mrs Frank and began to realise how her mother’s failing health and entrapment in the annex had created many obstructions for her. Despite her new prospective and continue to stay estranged from her sentiment and critical mother. It seems that Mrs Frank inability to provide emotional support to her daughter’s arose from her stress, forced confinement an fear of prosecution. Therefore, because the diary entries consisted of only Anne’s thoughts it is not possible to gain much insight into Mrs Frank’s personal thought and feeling.


 Q6: Give character sketch of Mr Van Daan.


Ans : He is the father of Peter van Daan and husband of Mrs Van Daan. He hides in the annex with the Franks. He has worked with Otto Frank as harbour specialist in Amsterdam. Mr Van Daan’s real name was Hermann Van Pels. But Anne called him MR Van Daan in her diary entries. According to Anne, he was intelligent, opinionated. pragmatic and also also egoistical. Mr Van Daan spoke his mind openly and was not afraid to cause friction with his wife. He did not hesitate to oppose her and Anne in many of her diary entries mentioned about the frequent quarrel Mr Van Daan had with his wife. He is not regularly mentioned in Anne’s diary expect when he is fighting with her or trying to pacify her. We get the impression that Mr Van Daan was a stereotype hen picked husband (a person who follows everything said by her wife) with occasional cases of standing up for himself. He proved his usefulness when the family received a large amount of meat. Formerly in the meat business, he grind the meat and made sausages so that it could be preserved for future use.


 Q7: Give character sketch of Margot Frank.


Ans: Margot Frank was Anne’s elder sister and was 16 year old at the starting of the story and 18 years when the story ended. Through Anne’s eyes, Margot appeared to be smarter, quieter, and more grown up than Anne. She hardly offered any opinion in any of the development in the annex. She was very intelligent and scored well in school. In the annex, she got along well with every one and was certainly her mother’s favourite. Anne never felt too close to her sister and they did not confide in each other.


Margot did not get much attention in Anne’s diary, but we know that she wish to have a friend to confide in. from the letter she had sent to Anne, we come to know that she was also very sensitive girl. She envied Anne’s relationship with Peter but only because of the idea of having such friendship and not actually for the boy himself. Margot showed that she was matured and caring by encouraging Anne’s relationship with Peter. With a deeper prospective, Margot appeared to be a personality who was under appreciated by Anne.


 


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