CBSE : Class VIII : Civics : Chapter 1 : The Indian Constitution : Question and Answers

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  • Published date: April 30, 2019
  • Modified date: April 30, 2019
    • Vasai East, Thane, Maharashtra

 Q1: Who was the first president of the constituent assembly ?


 A) Dr Rajendra Prasad was the first president of the constitution assembly.


 Q2: Who was the chairman of drafting committee ?


 A) Dr Baba Saheb Ambedkar was the chairman of the the drafting committee.


 Q3: What is the need of a constitution in a country ?


 A) Following are the needs of constitution in a country:


 a) The constitution contain laws according to which the rules and regulations for governing the country were formed.


 b) It specifies the power of the government, protects and safeguard the fundamental rights of citizen.


 c) It prevents domination of majority over minority.


 d) It contains national goals like democracy, secularism, socialism, fraternity etc and gives plan and programme to the government to achieve this goal.


  Q4) How does a constitution evolve ?


 A) Following were the ways in which constitution evolved:


 a) The constitution is a living documents and evolves according to the needs of people.


 b) It reflects the requirement and aspirations of the people.


 c) It decides the way of functioning of the various institution.


 d) The Indian constitution stands for justice, equality and liberty.


 Q5) How was the Indian constitution framed ?


 A) The Indian constitution was framed as follows:


 a) The Indian constitution was framed by the constituent assembly.


 b) A group of around 300 members were selected from different parts of the country.


 c) They met periodically for three years to draft the constitution.


 d) The member kept in mind the problem of diversity, unity socio-economic reforms, the problems of princely states, the problem of partition faced by the country etc.


 e) The constitution emphasised the important role of citizen in choosing the representatives.


 f) Dr Ambedkar presented the constitution in 1949 but it was enforced on 26th January 1950.


 Q6) Why did Dr Ambedkar urged the schedule caste to join government as well as civil services ?


 A) Dr Ambedkar urged the schedule caste to join government as well as civil services because:


 a) Dr Ambedkar believed that their participation in the constituent assembly would help the schedule cast to get some safeguard in the draft constitution.


 b) He feared that though the law existed, the administration and the execution of these laws where were in the hands of the uppercast officers.


 So, he urged the schedule cast to join the government and civil services and be a part of the administrative system.


 Q7) Write a note on Directive principle of state policy.


 A) Directive principle of state policy are the directives to the state laid down by the constitution to promote socio-economic equality and to establish a welfare society. The directive principle have their importance since they direct or guides states to achieve the following objectives :


 a) Secure social and economic justice;


 b) Secure social and economic equality;


 c) Promote international peace and security;


 d) Establish grass root level democracy and welfare in the state.


 Q8) Discuss the right to freedom granted by the constitution.


 A) Right to freedom is a group of rights granted to the citizen of India by the constitution. To promote the idea of liberty, the constitution grants six different types of freedom:


 a) freedom of speech and expression;


 b) The right to form association and unions;


 c) The right to move freely throughout the country;


 d) Settle and reside in any part of the country;


 e) Practice any profession, occupation or business;


 f) Assemble peacefully without any arm.


 Q9) What is the importance of right against exploitation ?


 A) The importance of right against exploitation are:


 a) The poorer and weaker section of the societies have always been exploited by the rich and powerful.


 b) the right against exploitation provides safeguard to these people by prohibiting bonded labour, human trafficking, employment of children below 14 years of age, and exploitation of economical backward class people.


 Q10) What are the several purposes served by the constitution ?


 A) Constitution serves following purpose:


 a) Constitution plays a constructive role in democratic society.


 b) It serves certain ideas that form the basis for the type of country that the citizen aspire to live in.


 c) It defines the nature of country’s political system.


 d) It guarantees equality, prevent domination and tyranny.


 e) It protect us against decisions taken by ourselves which may have an adverse effect on the larger principles of the country.


 f) A well planned Constitution don’t allow easy overthrow of the provision that grantees right to the citizens and protect their freedom.


 Q11) Explain the key features of the Indian Constitution.


 A) The key features of Indian Constitution are:


 a) Federalism: It is a system of government which has two or more distinct level of governance. In India, we have government at the centre and at the state level. Panchayati Raj is the third tier of government. Their area of action are marked by the constitution. In India, the centre is more powerful then states.


 b) Parliamentary form of government : It is a system of governance where the parliament is supreme and represents the people. The member of parliament are elected by the people. The elected representatives are directly answerable to the people. Thus, the people have a direct role in electing their representatives and every citizen of the country can contest election irrespective of the background.


 c) Separation of powers: According to the constitution, there are three organs of the state. They are legislature, executive and judiciary. Each of these organs exercise different powers and act as a check on the other organs of the state. This prevents the misuse of power by anyone organ of the government.


 d) Fundamental rights: The constitution guarantees certain rights to its citizens which are called fundamental rights. They protect the citizens against arbitrary rules and absolute exercise of power by the state. The main objective of the fundamental rights is that every citizen must be in a position to claim those rights and these rights must be binding upon every law making authority.


 e) Secularism: The constitution does not officially promotes any religion as the state religion. It does not discriminate between the citizen on the grounds of their religious faith.


 


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