CBSE : Class IX : Polity : Chapter 2 : WHAT IS DEMOCRACY? WHY DEMOCRACY? : Popular governments can be undemocratic. Popular leaders can be autocratic. Explain this statement by giving examples of Zimbabwe.

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  • Published date: June 17, 2019
    • Vasai East, Thane, Maharashtra

A) Zimbabwe attained independence from White minority rule in 1980. Since then the country has been ruled by ZANU-PF, the party that led the freedom struggle. Its leader, Robert Mugabe, has been ruling the country since independence. Elections have been held regularly and always won by ZANU-PF. President Mugabe is popular but also
uses unfair practices in elections. President Mugabe is popular but also uses unfair practices in elections. Over the years his government has changed the constitution several times to increase the powers of the President and make him less accountable. Opposition party workers are harassed and their meeting disrupted. Public protests and demonstrations against the government are declared illegal. There is a law that limits the right to criticise the President. Television and radio are controlled by the government and give only the ruling party’s version. The government has ignored some court judgments that went against it and has pressurised judges.
The example of Zimbabwe shows that popular approval of the rulers is necessary in a democracy, but it is not sufficient. Popular governments can be undemocratic. Popular leaders can be autocratic.


 

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